Land

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Collection

Albedo Black Sky Near Infrared
The black sky albedo is a measure of the surface reflection of direct sunlight. Lower albedo represents higher absorption of direct radiation from the sun. Albedo values are higher in areas when sparse vegetation such as deserts.
NASA dataset: MOD143A3
AfSIS Code: M43BN*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 500m
Data
Albedo Black Sky Shortwave
The black sky albedo is a measure of the surface reflection of direct sunlight. Lower albedo represents higher absorption of direct radiation from the sun. Albedo values are higher in areas when sparse vegetation such as deserts.
NASA dataset: MOD143A3
AfSIS Code: M43BS*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 500m
Data
Albedo Black Sky Visible
The black sky albedo is a measure of the surface reflection of direction sunlight. Lower albedo represents higher absorption of direct radiation from the sun. Albedo values are higher in areas when sparse vegetation such as deserts.
NASA dataset: MOD143A3
AfSIS Code: M43BV*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 500m
Data
Albedo White Sky Near Infrared
The white sky albedo is a measure of the surface reflection of light from multiple angles. Lower albedo represents higher absorption of light. Albedo values are higher in areas when sparse vegetation such as deserts.
NASA dataset: MOD143A3
AfSIS Code: M43WV*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 500m
Data
Albedo White Sky Shortwave
The white sky albedo is a measure of the surface reflection of light from multiple angles. Lower albedo represents higher absorption of light. Albedo values are higher in areas when sparse vegetation such as deserts.
NASA dataset: MOD143A3
AfSIS Code: M43WV*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 500m
Data
Albedo White Sky Visible
The white sky albedo is a measure of the surface reflection of light from multiple angles. Lower albedo represents higher absorption of light. Albedo values are higher in areas when sparse vegetation such as deserts.
NASA dataset: MOD143A3
AfSIS Code: M43WV*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 500m
Data
Blue Reflectance Band 3
This band monitors atmospheric events such as smoke, dust, and particles. It is used to eliminate the atmospheric noise in the calculation of the enhanced vegetation index.
NASA dataset: MOD13Q1
AfSIS Code: M13RB3*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Mar 2017
Resolution: 250m
Data
Metadata
Video
Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI)
The index is a measure of greenness. Where the index is closer to 0, vegetation is scarce. Where the index is closer to 1, the vegetation is more abundant.
NASA dataset: MOD13Q1
AfSIS Code: M13EVI*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Mar 2017
Resolution: 250m
Data
Metadata
Video
Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR)
The SPOT Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) data product is a fraction measure of solar radiation absorbed by green vegetation.
AfSIS Code: SPTFPR*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average, annual average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Dec 1998 – April 2014
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Fraction of Green Vegetation Cover (FCOVER)
The SPOT Fraction of Green Vegetation Cover (FCover) data product is a fraction measure of land that is covered by green vegetation.
AfSIS Code: SPTFC*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Dec 1998 – Apr 2014
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR)
The value indicates the percentage of radiation that is being absorbed by green vegetation. Healthy vegetation tends to have higher percentages of fPAR.
NASA dataset: MOD15A2
AfSIS Code: MOD15FPR*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Gross Primary Productivity
The value represents the production of energy by vegetation in an ecosystem. Highly vegetated areas produce higher levels of energy, resulting in higher GPP.
NASA dataset: MOD17A3
AfSIS Code: M17GPP*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance, and annual averages
Temporal Range: Jan 2000 – Dec 2010
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Land Surface Temperature Day
This is a measure of the land’s surface temperature during the day. The presence of vegetation influences the changes in the earth’s surface temperature.
NASA dataset: MYD11A2
AfSIS Code: MY2LSTD*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average
Temporal Range: Jul 2002 – Mar 2017
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Metadata
Video
Land Surface Temperature Night
This is a measure of the land’s surface temperature during the day. The presence of vegetation influences the changes in the earth’s surface temperature.
NASA dataset: MYD11A2
AfSIS Code: MY2LSTN*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average
Temporal Range: Jul 2002 – Mar 2017
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Metadata
Video
Leaf Area Index (LAI)
The leaf area index is the ratio of green vegeation to ground area. Higher ratios indicate more abundant vegation whereas lower ratios indicate sparse vegeation for ground area.
NASA dataset: MCD15A2
AfSIS Code: MCD15LAI*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Jul 2002 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Leaf Area Index (LAI)
The leaf area index is the ratio of green vegeation to ground area. Higher ratios indicate more abundant vegation whereas lower ratios indicate sparse vegeation for ground area.
NASA dataset: MOD15A2
AfSIS Code: MOD15LAI*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Dec 2016
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Mid-Infrared (MIR) Reflectance Band 7
This band is used to determine cloud properties and can help determine vegetation and soil moisture.
NASA dataset: MOD13Q1
AfSIS Code: M13RB7*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Mar 2017
Resolution: 250m
Data
Metadata
Video
Near-Infrared (NIR) Reflectance Band 2
This band is used to visualize land and water. Water bodies absorb more of this band while land reflects it.
NASA dataset: MOD13Q1
AfSIS Code: M13RB2*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Mar 2017
Resolution: 250m
Data
Metadata
Video
Net Primary Productivity (NPP)
The value represents the available energy remaining after photosynthetic activity in an ecosystem.Areas that are highly vegetative produce an excess of energy that represents the NPP.
NASA dataset: MOD17A3
AfSIS Code: M17NPP*
Products: Time series average, time series standard deviation, time series variance, and annual averages
Temporal Range: Jan 2000 – Dec 2010
Resolution: 1000m
Data
Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)
The index is a measure of greenness. Where the index is closer to 0, vegetation is scarce. Where the index is closer to 1, the vegetation is more abundant.
NASA dataset: MOD13Q1
AfSIS Code: M13NDVI*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Mar 2017
Resolution: 250m
Data
Metadata
Video
Red Reflectance Band 1
This band is highly correlated with plant growth and is the primary energy source that plants absorb for maturing, flowering, and seeding.
NASA dataset: MOD13Q1
AfSIS Code: M13RB1*
Products: Time series average, time series monthly average
Temporal Range: Feb 2000 – Mar 2017
Resolution: 250m
Data
Metadata
Video
Rain Use Efficiency (RUE)
RUE is the ratio of vegetation productivity to annual precipitation and has been suggested as a measure for assessing land degradation. AfSIS is using MOD17A3H NPP and CHIRPS.
AfSIS dataset: RUE INDEX*
Products: Annual index
Temporal Range: Jan 2000 – Dec 2014
Resolution: 1000m
Data